Biodegradable Plastic Additives from BioSphere Allow Metabolic Pathways for Synthetic Resins
BioSphere biodegradable plastic additives are hitting the ground running with technology advancements in polymers which allow for metabolic pathways which enrich the plastic with the ability to biodegrade in a short period of time. BioSphere plastic a company which released their new additive technology to the market in 2012 has seen test results on different polymers that are ranging from 15% to 23% biodegradation in 45 days on plastic resin such as PET and LDPE. The resins which have been tested against their counterparts which do not use the additive have shown an increase of biodegradation of 500X - 1000X faster than regular synthetic plastic articles.
BioSphere Plastic Additive: The Technology
The technology is said to enhance the metabolic pathway of both the anaerobic and aerobic glycolysis and gluconeogensis pathways, which follow the Acetyl-CoA and Pyruvate metabolic pathways for both anaerobic and aerobic biodegradation by microorganisms. The articles which are enhanced by addition of 1% of the additive are being used by major grocery outlets and organizations worldwide. The growth has been contributed to the price of the additive in the developing market of biopolymers. The additive which has been said to be 1/2 to 1/5th the price of competing additives in the biodegradable market space is allowing consumers and manufacturers the ability to implement the additive into their products at a slight increase to the base costs of the plastic product. BioSphere additive has also mentioned their new compostable additive which is being tested by multi-billion dollar organizations worldwide for composting according to the EN 13432 and the ASTM D6400. Currently their compostable additive works in Polyethylene and Polypropylene at addition rates of 20-30%. BioSphere plans on releasing data to the general public in quarter 1 of 2013. The biodegradability both anaerobically and aerobically of the compostable additive is on track to degrade plastic at rates which will revolutionize the entire industry. Currently BioSphere is working on future developments of their proprietary additives.
BioSphere Biodegradable Plastic Additive: The Company
BioSphere biodegradable plastic additive company was formed in 2012 by Company President Rob Huegli and an investment group to revolutionize the plastic industry with alternatives to oxo-degradable additives and biopolymers. The company states that Biopolymers are generally looked as beneficial to the public, but have been shown to create much more "greenhouse gases" due to their reliance on cheap fertilizers. These cheap fertilizers which are used by biopolymer manufacturers create a gas called nitrous oxide which is 310 times more potent than Co2, the argument of the biopolymer community is that additives create CH4 which is naturally occurring in all anaerobic biodegradation, including from humans and cows is 20 times more potent. BioSphere states that the CH4 is reclaimed in many landfills within the United States and worldwide for power generation or heating of homes. The methane gas which is either reclaimed or flared off accordance with the EPA's regulations on how landfills must operate, which creates a more sustainable environment in the United States and other countries around the world. Biopolymers are creating nitrous oxide which is released into the atmosphere with no technology to capture the energy potential and due to the cheap fertilizers there is more damage which is occurring in our top soil. BioSphere points to a University Study by the University of Pittsburgh on the subject of life cycle assessment of Biopolymers in comparison with synthetic based polymers(which is found here. Further reading around nitrous oxides are found at the World Bank of Data website here and information on nitrous oxide, cheap fertilizers and pesticides are found here . BioSphere biodegradable plastic additives do not contribute to these massive problems which Biopolymers are contributing to at global crisis levels. According to the American carbon registry much of the US top soil is being ruined from the uses of these pesticides and cheap fertilizers. BioSphere biodegradable plastic also has stated that there are other technologies like Oxodegradable additives which claim benefits when using their technology, unfortunately these types of additives have been around since the mid '80's and have been making claims of biodegradation since the '90's. These types of additives do not work in environments without light and heat, with no exposure to UV light these additives do nothing to the plastic. BioSphere continues to explain, most of these products have UV inhibitors into the products to allow for longer shelf lives of the final products. The problem with such innovative ideas is the mere fact you are destroying what you are trying to do, which reverses the ability of photo degradation and the ability for the polymer to actually break down in UV light. Most of these additives are designed to last "18 months" when oxodegradable technologies are designed for this length of time they are intended to not fragment for exactly that 18 months. Which in these terms you can't throw the oxodegradable plastic products into a landfill for over a year, because UV light doesn't exist in landfills. Overall this technology was designed for single use items which are littered all the time and are manufactured constantly and used immediately, these products were not designed for long shelf stable applications like carry-out bags from hyper and super market stores, because they simply do not work that way. BioSphere is a leading technology supplier to the global marketplace and continues to improve the world with technological advancements in the biodegradable plastic marketplace. For more information regarding BioSphere Biodegradable Plastic Additive, their website is found at http://www.biosphereplastic.com