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13 animals of the Arctic

Illustration of the Great Auk

Photo: John James Audubon/Wikimedia Commons

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Great auk

The great auk was the original penguin, as it was the first flightless bird with that name. It lived in the waters of the North Atlantic, particularly Canada, and was found as far south as New England. Hunting drove the great auk to extinction sometime in the 1800s.

Modern-day penguins live only in the Southern hemisphere.