Tirat Zvi, Israel
Tirat Zvi is a religious kibbutz in Israel that sits in the Beit She'an Valley, 722 feet below sea level. Though the nearby Jordan River keeps the region fertile, the valley can get pummeled by the sun in the summer months. In June 1942, the settlement recorded the highest temperature ever officially measured in Asia: 129 degrees Fahrenheit.
To escape the heat, residents often immerse themselves in pools fed by springs, and each house is surrounded by a canopy to provide shade.