National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
This was one of the first laws that established the legislative framework for protecting the environment and accomplished three important goals:
• It outlined, for the first time, a formal declaration of national environmental policies and goals.
• It required federal agencies to prepare and submit environmental impact statements for most federally funded programs.
• It created the Presidential Council on Environment within the executive office.
President Nixon signed the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 on Jan. 1, 1970.