Heavy monsoon rains caused severe flooding in Pakistan in July 2010. This included the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Punjab and Baluchistan regions of the country. According to JPL, The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer, or ASTER, instrument on NASA's Terra spacecraft captured this cloud-free image over the city of Sukkur, Pakistan, on Aug. 18, 2010. ASTER was first launched Dec. 18, 1999, one of five instruments carried by NASA's Terra spacecraft. It is part of the Earth Observing System (EOS). ASTER was built by the Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry; however, a joint U.S and Japanese team is responsible for its calibration.