At the end of the 19th century, Galveston, which sits just a short distance south of Houston, was the largest city in Texas, due in part to its natural harbor and strategic location along the Gulf of Mexico. Since the city sits on an island, it was engulfed by storm surges caused by the hurricane.
Though the city pales in comparison to much larger cities in Texas today, the city is thriving nevertheless. Tourism, mostly driven by residents of nearby Houston, fuels this charming city by the sea. It remains a vital port along the Gulf Coast.