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A beginner's glossary to hiking and camping

Karst in Zhangjiajie National Park, China

Photo: Hung Chung Chih/Shutterstock

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From itinerary to karst


itinerary — a planned trip or intended route of travel used to estimate miles traveled and destination.

isthmus — a narrow strip of land bound by water on two sides.


junction — the point at which two trails intersect.


karst — refers to limestone landscapes marked by bluffs, caverns and escarpments established by the dissolution of slightly acidic water coursing over soluble bedrock.

kindling — highly flammable materials used to start fires, such as pine cones, twigs, dry bark.

krummholz — bent, stunted trees found in mountainous and artic regions, twisted by steady winds and short growing seasons.