Organic farming and agriculture is an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. It is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on management practices that restore, maintain and enhance ecological harmony.
Practices used in organic farming to promote sustainability and reduce resource consumption includes elimiating the use of pesticides and herbicides; enhanced irrigation practices and regulated animal handling practices (use of antibiotics, etc.).
According to the USDA's Organic Certification requirements, organic products have strict production and labeling requirements. Unless noted below, organic products must meet the following requirements:
- Produced without excluded methods (e.g., genetic engineering), ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge.
- Produced per the National List of Allowed and
- Prohibited Substances (National List).
- Overseen by a USDA National Organic Program-authorized certifying agent, following all USDA organic regulations.