Plastic is a synthetic, moldable material made of a chemical compound or 'polymer' that consists primarily of carbon atoms derived primarily from petroleum (petrochemicals). Common uses for plastics include textiles, food packaging, bottles, shower curtains, plumbing pipes, furniture, flooring, eyeglasses, and coatings.
Most plastics contain other organic or inorganic compound additives. Many of the controversies associated with plastics surround additives (such as BPA); biodegradability; post-consumer waste; and the use of oil in manufacturing, production and transportation.
Traditional plastics degrade very slowly, however bioplastics are derived from renewable biomass sources such as vegetable oils, starches or cellulose and are considered more sustainable in comparison.