Perhaps you’ve had a similar experience as Renee Mendez of Sunderland, Mass. One day she saw a ferret’s little head popping out of someone’s backpack and thought, "Wow, they’re really cute. I want one of those."

Mendez found that her ferret had a strong smell that hit her as soon as she walked into the house. Also, ferrets like to tunnel and hers decided her couch was a great place to enjoy its talents. "I didn’t know how to stop the behavior," she says. Other problems arose, as ferrets need a lot of attention and Mendez spent long days at work.

Donna Spirito, director of The Educated Ferret Association in South Hadley, Mass., offers tips for avoiding the problems that Mendez (and many other ferret owners) faced. The American Ferret Association also provided expert advice on preventing ferret odor in the house.

"Education, education, education. I can’t say it enough," Spirito says.

The connection between ferret diet and odor

"What goes into a ferret comes out. If you feed them wrong, they will be more likely to smell," Spirito says. According to the American Ferret Association, "Ferrets are strict carnivores; they require diets based on highly digestible animal (meat) protein with little to no carbohydrates. Selection of foods will have an impact on odor. Do not choose foods with ingredients such as fish, grains, fruits or vegetables. Do choose high quality ferret or cat/kitten foods sold by pet shops, feed stores, and veterinarians with at least 36 percent protein, that is moderate in fats (approximately 20 percent) and low in carbohydrates."

Spirito, who also operates a ferret rescue, says she removes the meat and blends all that’s left such as organs, skin, bones, etc. to make a "soup" for her ferrets. She does not recommend dried food for ferrets except for one brand that has a high percentage of meat, Totally Ferret. Totally Ferret is made up of turkey, venison and lamb and can be purchased online. Spirito says that all-natural chicken wings and frozen mice are also good foods for a ferret.

Ferret potty habits

Spirito says ferrets instinctually relieve themselves in corners to protect themselves from becoming prey. "You choose the place. We have two spots for our ferrets, not near food," Spirito says. She says to never use pine shavings for ferrets as they are a health hazard for them. She suggests shredded newspaper, changed at least daily. Ferrets will quickly realize the appropriate place to potty, similar to cats.

"A ferret’s cage and play areas should include plenty of soft bedding, safe toys, and litter boxes filled with paper-based or wood-based pellet form litter. (Sawdust from your local carpenter won't cut it.) There is a good reason why many ferret litter boxes are corner-shaped… they tend to go in corners! So, plan accordingly to prevent accidents. The type of litter used will have a big impact on odor. Litters that produce dust or are highly scented are not recommended! Ferrets have short digestive tracts and fast metabolisms which dictate that they must eat often… and thus will also poop and pee often. Frequent cleaning of the litter box will make an enormous difference in ferret odors," according to the American Ferret Association.

Choosing proper ferret toys  

The American Ferret Association says, "A factor in controlling ferrets odors is toy selection. Ferrets need a minimum of four hours per day out of their cage, at least two of which should include human interaction. Choosing toys that are safe but readily cleaned is important. Do not give ferrets toys made of rubber or with loose pieces of string or leather (for example, the tail on an animal-shaped toy). Be careful with toys that have bells or squeakers that could be chewed loose and swallowed. All of these types of toys can cause problems such as an intestinal blockage. Toys made of harder plastic are excellent because they do not pose health hazards and can be easily washed. Fabric toys should also be selected for safety and should be washable. Toys can be frequently cleaned and swapped out to control odor, but also to provide enrichment for the ferret."

The ferret-proof room

Both Spirito and Mendez say that it may be best to have a room designated for the ferret or otherwise use barriers such as half-doors and gates to keep them corralled. Also it is best to have the ferret area uncarpeted as they tend to be diggers and will damage carpeting.

The American Ferret Association says, "First, consider the flooring. Sheet vinyl (linoleum) or vinyl planks with overlapping flanges or 'click locks' are easy to clean and prevent urine from seeping into the sub floor. Laminate floors or hardwood floors are the next best choice but may be damaged by spilled water bottles or urine. [skipwords]Carpet is the least desirable surface as it will absorb accidents and also retain odors. If carpet is present, laying sheet vinyl over it will help with odor control. This can be cut to fit corners and moldings. Another protective material that is inexpensive and easy to cut to fit is the plastic carpet[/skipwords] runners intended for stairs and hallways."

Cleaning ferrets and their habitats

The American Ferret Association says, "Ferrets naturally have a light, musky odor. This scent is produced by oils in the skin and the odor is greatly minimized when the animal is spayed or neutered. Ferrets also have scent glands which release scent as a defense. The American Ferret Association strongly opposes the practice of descenting of ferrets, unless medically necessary, as it will not reduce a ferret's natural scent."

"Frequent bathing is not recommended. This will in fact have the opposite effect to the one desired, since the ferret's skin will produce more oils to replenish what was lost in the bath. Baths may be given no more than once per month and as infrequent as every few months. Be sure to use a very mild shampoo, like one manufactured especially for ferrets. Regular ear cleaning may also help with a ferret’s odor."

"Owners who may find their ferret’s scent stronger than usual can easily alleviate the problem by replacing the ferret’s bedding (hammock, sleep sacks, washable toys, etc.) with clean bedding and toys. Scented laundry detergents or dryer sheets may be used when laundering your ferret’s belongings but keep an eye out as in rare cases this may cause irritation for some ferrets. Overall, clean bedding and a healthy diet are the best ways to minimize a ferret's odor. In addition to regularly washing your ferret’s bedding and belongings, creating a ferret proof environment that is planned for their habits and behaviors will make a big difference."

The American Ferret Association also noted, "The products used to clean a ferret’s space should be carefully chosen. A wide variety of products are available that are made specifically for cage cleaning, hard floor surface cleaning and [skipwords]carpet cleaning. Never use powdered carpet[/skipwords] cleaners that are sprinkled down and vacuumed up. Airborne deodorizers are also a no-no, but solid-type odor eliminators kept well out of reach of the ferrets can be used. When selecting cleansers or deodorizing products, those with natural ingredients are the best choice for a ferret."

But wait, there's more!

Spirito says ferrets are extremely active and will likely get into your trash, so it is best to have a child lock on the trash or keep trash where the ferret can’t get at it.

Keep toilet lids closed. Spirito told a story about one ferret who liked to get into the toilet and empty all the water out by getting wet and shaking.

Also, your ferret will love you so much they will often end up in any laundry or clothing lying about. "It’s a good idea to leave a shirt or other clothing item in their cage with them," Spirito says

Spirito says she is happy to answer questions about ferret care by email:

We'd also like to thank the American Ferret Association for their tips. Since 1987, the American Ferret Association (AFA) has worked on these goals:

PROMOTE: To promote the domestic ferret as a companion animal through public education via shows, newsletters, legislative education, and other venues.

PROTECT: To protect the domestic ferret against anti-ferret legislation, mistreatment, unsound breeding practices and overpopulation, needless scientific research, and any practice deemed to lower the health standards or survivability of the animal.

PROVIDE: To provide constant and up-to-date information about veterinarians, legislative activities, medical developments, research data, rescue shelters and other information of interest to ferret fanciers everywhere.

Learn more about the AFA and its many educational resources for ferret owners at

Cris Carl originally wrote this for It is reprinted with permission.

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