The Netherlands' storm surges
The Netherlands is another country highly susceptible to flooding, mostly because 50 percent of its land area is located less than a meter below sea level. ("The Netherlands," translated from the Dutch "Nederland," literally means "Low Country.")
Elaborate drainage systems using dikes, canals and pumping stations have been built to keep the sea at bay, but storm surges throughout history have overwhelmed these systems and caused immense damage. Whole cities and regions have been reclaimed by the sea.
The deadliest storm surge in recorded history occurred in 1530. Called St. Felix's flood, this surge claimed as many as 100,000 lives. St. Lucia's flood of 1287, St. Marcellus flood of 1219 and the North Sea Flood of 1953 were also notable deluges, but the region has been absolutely littered with deadly floods throughout its history.