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8 eco-friendly East Coast wineries

By: Sidney Stevens on Jan. 14, 2011, 12:06 p.m.

Photo: Crossing Vineyards and Winery

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Crossing Vineyards and Winery, Washington Crossing, Pa.

Named for its proximity to the site of George [skipwords]Washington’s[/skipwords] fabled frosty boat ride across the Delaware in 1776, Crossing Vineyards and Winery’s M.O. is sustainability. Located on a 200-year-old estate in historic Bucks County, north of Philadelphia, the vineyard’s new 3,000-foot windowless wine-processing building (pictured in the distance) boasts a geothermal cooling/heating system and super-insulated doors, walls and ceilings. Light sensors and timers conserve energy, and a water-recharging well prevents runoff by recycling groundwater. Plans are in the works to outfit the structure with solar panels, similar to those recently installed on the wine-tasting building. The vineyard also recycles its fruit-pulp waste for use as natural fertilizer and nurtures its vines via low-impact herbicides and pesticides, including natural oils and kelp products that help fight diseases and a bug-eating bat squad (encouraged to take up residence in bat boxes scattered around the grounds).