Air pollution could damage DNA
A new study finds tiny pollutant particles in the air can cause DNA damage in as little as 3 days.
Thu, May 21 2009 at 1:50 PM
The downer news comes from a study that looked at the DNA of steel-foundry workers in Brescia, Italy, who were exposed to particulate matter — teensy pieces of soot, dust and metal in the air — similar to those found in “normal air” in cities.
How does this DNA change occur? The process is complicated. National Geographic describes it thusly:
Exposed workers’ DNA was damaged by a slowed rate of “methylation,” a biological process in which genes are organized into different chemical groups.
Fewer groups means that fewer genes are expressed — or made into proteins — a crucial process in the body’s regular maintenance.
The researchers behind the study say that more study is still needed — but we don’t need to wait for confirmation to start cleaning up our air. The American Lung Association’s recommended steps
to clean up the air in your neighborhood are: “drive less; don’t burn wood or trash; use less electricity; and make sure local school systems require clean school buses."
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