Smaller cities will be critical in the move to local agriculture and the development of renewable energy industries. These tasks will almost certainly require a dramatic rethinking of land–use policy, and smaller cities have assets that large cities lack. Their underused or vacant industrial space and surrounding tracts of farmland make them ideal sites for sustainable land-use policies, or “smart growth.”
When it comes to the urban–rural divide, small–to–intermediate–size cities may offer the best of both worlds. For all the rural romanticism of the ’70s–era homesteading movement — or for that matter, the vaunted folksiness of “small–town values,” — urban life has its allure. Smaller cities are large enough to offer the diversity, anonymity and vibrancy of urban culture, as well as levels of density that offer efficiencies of scale. They are also small enough to maintain proximity to sustainable food production and renewable energy resources.
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