Oct. 3, 1226: Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone (at right), better known as St. Francis of Assisi, dies. The founder of the Franciscan Order was known as a lover of nature, and is considered by the Roman Catholic Church to be the patron saint of animals and the environment.
Oct. 3, 1970: U.S. President Richard Nixon establishes the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) as the central agency for U.S. oceans, fisheries, weather and climate research and regulation.
Oct. 3, 1985: The undamaged Reactor One is restarted at Three Mile Island, Pa. Outside the gates, 17 protesters are arrested after calling for the total shutdown of the Three Mile Island complex.
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