27 nations agree not to mine Antarctica until 2048, and parts of Turkey are buried under red sludge.
Fri, Oct 04 2013 at 6:00 AM
Oct. 4, 1907:
U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt presses the conservation cause in a speech to the Deep Waterways Convention:
"The conservation of natural resources is the fundamental problem. Unless we solve that problem, it will avail us little to solve all others."
Oct. 4, 1991:
The Madrid Protocol
is wrapped up. Signed and ratified by 27 nations, the treaty forbids mining in Antarctica at least through the year 2048. The frozen continent is believed to hold large deposits of platinum and other strategic metals.
Photo: ZUMA Press
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