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14 once-great lost cities

Memphis

Photo: Ian Sherlock/Wikimedia Commons

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Memphis

Truly one of history's greatest cities, Memphis was the capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom. It has left spectacular evidence of its past brilliance, such as the ruins of the Great Temple of Ptah, the Saqqara Necropolis and the Royal Palaces of the godlike pharaohs that once ruled there. Today these sites are preserved as a World Heritage Site along with the pyramid complex at Giza.