MNN Galleries

15 of the biggest scientific hoaxes

The Turk

Photo: Wiki Commons/GNU

11 of 17

The Turk

The Turk was a fake chess-playing machine constructed in 1770. The elaborate machine was designed to look like a Turkish-dressed robot that could defeat even the best human chess players.

The Turk toured the world for nearly 84 years, beating chess masters, including Benjamin Franklin, and impressing many people with its supposed artificial intelligence. In fact, all along the robot's body was occupied by a real person hidden inside.