These two Spanish enclaves are actually quite close to Spain in terms of distance. They sit across from the mainland, sandwiched between the sea and the North African country of Morocco. Because of their special tax status, these two cities are popular with shoppers from Spain and other parts of the EU.
Their historic fortifications and colonial-era buildings bring to mind some of Spain's smaller, older cities. However, even though Spanish is the main language on the streets, the climate, some of the architecture, and subtle elements of the local culture are distinctly North African.