Los Alamos, N.M.
Los Alamos is often referred to as the "Atomic City" because of its role in the Manhattan Project. In 1942, the federal government used its power of eminent domain to take over the Los Alamos Ranch School for Robert Oppenheimer and the other scientists working to build the atomic bomb. Today, the area is home to the Los Alamos National Laboratory whose Bradbury Science Museum has a Defense Gallery that contains such items as a W80 warhead, an air-launched cruise missile and B61 and B83 bombs. The Los Alamos Historical Museum houses photos of atomic testing, Oppenheimer's memos and copies of leaflets the U.S. dropped in Japan to warn citizens about the bomb.