Much of Mozambique was a war zone for three decades. The struggle for independence from colonial power Portugal started in the 1960s, and a bloody civil war raged until the early '90s. It was only after a lasting peace seemed certain that the first travelers started to arrive in this Southeast African nation. Still, after nearly two decades of relative stability, many people are just starting to see the tourism potential of Mozambique. Long stretches of idyllic beach landscapes, coral reefs that are perfect for diving, vibrant and accessible cities (especially the capitol, Maputo), and a blossoming arts and music scene give this country all the trappings of an up-and-coming tourism hot spot.
Mozambique also has a variety of wildlife viewing options, with both Gorongosa National Park and the Niassa Reserve offering ideal safari conditions. Gorongosa is home to elephants, lions, hippos and zebras. Stability has allowed for some tourist infrastructure to be built, but Mozambique retains an off-the-beaten-path feel that makes it attractive to those who like their trips spiced with a little bit of adventure.