In the forests of Denmark, a 'printed' house
Talk about 'cutting' edge ... A pair of Danish architects unveil Villa Asserbo, a digitally fabricated home built using a computerized milling machine, a whole lot of sustainable plywood and very little else.
Thu, May 10 2012 at 1:00 PM
There’s been a steady amount of buzz as of late about an eco-friendly abode situated in a woodsy area north of Copenhagen
that was recently completed as a pilot home as part of architecture firm Eentileen
’s potentially game-changing Print a House project. The name of the project suggests that the 1,345-square-foot home, Villa Asserbo
, was actually constructed with the aid of one hell of a 3D printer, which would certainly be cool but isn’t quite the case here.
Dubbed as Denmark’s first digitally fabricated home and built in just four weeks, Villa Asserbo was made possible with a CNC machine, a computerized milling device (while a 3D printer is additive in nature, a CNC machine is subtractive). To build the home, 820 sheets of plywood sourced from sustainable forests in Finland were fed into the CNC machine, similar to pieces of paper being inserted into a conventional printer. Next, after working its magic, the machine spits the plywood sheets back out as precision-cut, jigsaw-esque panels.
The advantage of going the CNC route? It mainly revolves around efficiency and speed as a minimal amount of materials are wasted and the chance for construction error is all but eliminated. Plus, given that each interlocking plywood panel slots and fits into place, very few additional building materials or heavy machinery is needed. That said, Villa Asserbo does contain a small amount of structural steel and, of course, there’s the glass for the windows. The home is placed atop a screw pile foundation in lieu of concrete so that it can be moved/relocated without impacting the build site. Other than that, it’s pretty much all wood.
Working in collaboration with London-based Facit Homes
, architect Frederik Agdrup, the brains behind the Print a House project alongside Nicholas Bjorndal, elaborates on the environmental perks of “printing” entire homes to Reuters:
”Our goal in this project has been to try and make the most CO2 friendly house possible and we’ve done that by several aspects. One thing is that we don’t use any concrete. Another thing is that we only use one material, which is wood. And by producing on a CNC machine we can also keep the amount of waste produced very low.”
The home itself is much more secure than one would imagine although I do wonder about installing one of these bad boys in a tornado-prone area. Agdrup and Bjorndal believe that structures built using a CNC machine and minimal materials could provide an affordable and low-impact housing solution for the future. Anyone familiar with CNC technology have any thoughts?
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