Ponies, miniature horses are only sort of the same
Horse, pony... miniature horse? What's the difference? You probably know that both ponies and miniature horses are smaller versions of the typical domestic horse, but what makes the two different from each other?
Well, miniature horses are ponies, but ponies aren't miniature horses. It gets a little confusing and controversial in the horse world. But here's the basic run down: Any horse that is shorter than 14.2 hands, or 58 inches tall at the withers, is considered a pony. Miniature horses are usually 34–38 inches tall, which puts them squarely in the pony category.
However, miniature horses are considered by many enthusiasts to be a distinct breed of horse — like the Falabella, for instance — and one that keeps more of the horse body type and proportions. On the other hand, ponies have shorter legs, longer bodies and an overall stockier build than horses. The Shetland pony, Icelandic pony and Dartmoor pony are all examples of the typical pony build.
So can you call a miniature horse a pony? Yes, to some people anyway. There will likely be miniature horse registry officials giving you the side-eye if you do, but technically you're correct. But you can't call any pony a miniature horse, because there are breed factors that come into play in miniature horses.
Let's get back to something a bit less nebulous: teeth! Click through to find out why different horses have a different number of teeth.