Robert Falcon Scott
Scott, a Royal Navy officer, made his first Antarctic expedition in 1901, but he and his crew had to be rescued by relief ships. In 1910, he attempted to become the first man to reach the South Pole and he set out with a new ship and the knowledge that this voyage was now a race since Amundsen had also left for the pole. Despite bad weather and being poorly equipped for the trek, Scott and five of his men made it to the South Pole pole on Jan. 17, 1912, only to learn that Amundsen had preceded them by a month. On the return journey the men encountered blizzards, dehydration, starvation and hypothermia. They died just 11 miles from a major supply depot.