Hurricane Dorian was the strongest storm ever to make landfall in the Bahamas. A powerful Category 5, Dorian lingered over the Abaco Islands and Grand Bahama Island from Sept. 1 to Sept. 3, flattening homes, toppling trees, causing severe flooding and causing at least 45 deaths.

Recovery efforts are underway in the Bahamas, but the death toll is expected to rise significantly.

"So many families have been deeply impacted," said Bahamas Prime Minister Hubert Minnis in a nationwide address, saying the storm "has left generational devastation across Abaco and Grand Bahama."

After leaving the Bahamas, the slow-moving hurricane made its way up the East Coast of the United States and Canada. The storm had maximum sustained winds of about 115 mph when it made landfall on Cape Hatteras, North Carolina on Friday. The downgraded storm continued up the coast, making landfall on Saturday near Nova Scotia.

While the U.S. went relatively unscathed in comparison, it will take weeks and months to assess the damage in the Bahamas and even longer to rebuild, especially on the hardest hit areas of Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands, where tens of thousands have been left homeless, sparking an evacuation to safer ground.

Here's a snapshot of what the storm has left in its wake so far.

Editor's note: This story has been updated since it was published on Sept. 5.

People wait on a cargo ship for evacuation to Nassau from Marsh Harbor, Bahamas, Hurricane Dorian
People wait on a cargo ship for evacuation to Nassau on Sept. 7. Many of the Bahamians who lost everything in the storm were able to leave the worst-hit islands on Saturday. (Photo: BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
An aerial view of damage caused by Hurricane Dorian is seen on Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas.
This aerial view shows damage caused by Hurricane Dorian on Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas. (Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images)
Garrise Newbold greets her nephew Peyton at the Port of Palm Beach after he arrived on the cruise ship Grand Celebration from Bahamas, Hurricane Dorian
Garrise Newbold (left) greets her nephew Peyton at the Port of Palm Beach after he arrived on the cruise ship Grand Celebration on Sept. 7. The ship brought hundreds of evacuees impacted by Dorian in the Bahamas to safer ground in Florida. (Photo: Saul Martinez/Getty Images)
Boats are scattered after Hurricane Dorian leaves a path of destruction on Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas.
Boats are scattered like toys at a marina on Great Abaco Island. (Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images)
Jasmine Farrington, right, greets Martha Eyma after she was rescued and flown to Nassau from devastated Abaco Island in the Bahamas.
Jasmine Farrington (right) greets Martha Eyma after she was rescued and flown to Nassau from devastated Abaco Island. (Photo: Jose Jimenez/Getty Images)
Homes are demolished after Hurricane Dorian went through Marsh Harbour on Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas.
Hurricane Dorian demolished these buildings as it went through Marsh Harbour on Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas. (Photo: Scott Olsen/Getty Images)
Charles Marcley works on repairs at the Abaco Inn in Elbow Key Island, Bahamas, Hurricane Dorian
The slow work of rebuilding begins. Charles Marcley works on repairs at the Abaco Inn in Elbow Key Island. (Photo: Jose Jimenez/Getty Images)
People wade through flooded streets amid downed palm trees on Great Abaco Island.
People wade through flooded streets amid downed palm trees on Great Abaco Island. (Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images)
Volunteers in Nassau receive relief supplies for Abaco Island and Grand Bahamas survivors of the hurricane.
Volunteers in Nassau receive relief supplies headed for Abaco Island and Grand Bahamas. Nassau lies on New Providence, which is south of the devastation. (Photo: Jose Jiminez/Getty Images)
People shelter inside a church in Marsh Harbor, Great Abaco, Bahamas, after surviving Hurricane Dorian.
People shelter inside a church in Marsh Harbor, Great Abaco, Bahamas, after surviving Hurricane Dorian. (Photo: BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
Strong winds and heavy rain cover a walkway in Jensen Beach, Florida, as Hurricane Dorian makes its way up the coast.
Strong winds and heavy rain cover a walkway in Jensen Beach, Florida, as Hurricane Dorian makes its way up the coast. Jensen Beach is north of West Palm Beach. (Photo: ADAM DELGIUDICE/AFP/Getty Images)
Power lines spark in floodwater in downtown Charleston, South Carolina, as Hurricane Dorian spins just off shore.
Power lines spark in floodwater in downtown Charleston, South Carolina, as Hurricane Dorian spins just off shore. (Photo: Sean Rayford/Getty Images)
Water surrounds oceanfront beach homes as Hurricane Dorian hits in Nags Head, North Carolina.
Water surrounds oceanfront beach homes as Hurricane Dorian hits in Nags Head, North Carolina. (Photo: Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
A woman photographs a boarded-up hotel in Charleston, South Carolina, that has prepared for hurricanes before.
A woman photographs a boarded-up hotel in Charleston, South Carolina, that has obviously been through the hurricane drill before. (Photo: Sean Rayford/Getty Images)

Mary Jo DiLonardo writes about everything from health to parenting — and anything that helps explain why her dog does what he does.