Melbourne is Australia's second largest city. Its nightlife, shopping and restaurant scenes are truly world class, with many spots offering al fresco dining and drinking during the warmer months of the year. In the winter, the mercury usually sits in the 50s during the day and drop into the 40s at night. Freezing temps occur sometimes.
Despite the fact that its outdoors scene disappears in summer, Melbourne is one of those cities that really comes to life in the winter. The nightlife does not slow at all; it merely moves indoors. Events like the Melbourne International Film Festival highlight the city's penchant for culture and art. Melbourne is also the birthplace of Australian rules football. More than half the teams in the professional league (the AFL) are based in and around Melbourne, so multiple matches are held every weekend during the winter. Some of these games are quite spectacular, drawing as many as 100,000 spectators.