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10 remarkable Arctic birds

By: Roni Robbins on Dec. 20, 2012, 4:27 p.m.
Steller's eiders in water

Photo: Christopher L. Wood/Courtesy of Cornell Lab of Ornithology

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Steller's eider

Another beauty and the smallest of the eider species, this sea duck is considered vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

The males face some stiff competition when it comes to wooing a female. As many as seven males may pursue a single female. They have an elaborate display of "courtship behaviors, including a series of head-turns, shakes and rearing out of the water," according to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game.

Aggression is shown to the other males with moves that include lifting the beak to show a patch of black underneath.