Most commonly characterized by a rash that begins on the face and spreads throughout the body, measles is a serious condition that can lead to brain infection and death. Though historically a devastating disease, it has experienced steep decline ever since the early 1960s, when the measles vaccine was first developed. Today it is administered to most children in the United States via the MMR vaccination.
In 2019, 1,044 measles cases were reported in 28 states across the U.S., the highest level in 25 years. This news comes despite the fact that the disease was declared eliminated in 2000. In Europe, a spreading measles outbreak across 42 countries has caused more than 34,000 cases and 13 deaths. It also has prompted warnings for travelers to make sure vaccinations are up to date.