June 22, 1913: The New York Times reports on an ambitious scheme to make the area’s waterways into an electricity-generating colossus. Enormous dams would harness the five-to-seven-foot tides of New York Harbor and Long Island Sound, not only freeing the region from dependence on coal, but would also “eliminate the unsightly and insanitary marshes and tide flats” around the city.
June 22, 1969: Cleveland's Cuyahoga River (at right, in 2005) experiences the last, and best-known of a series of fires as pollutants from factories bordering the river ignite. The subsequent uproar helps establish the U.S. Clean Water Act.
June 22, 1994: Occidental Petroleum, which bought the Hooker Chemical Company that dumped tons of toxic waste and then sold the Niagara Falls, N.Y., property for development as housing and a public school, agreed to pay $98 million in compensation to New York state for cleanup costs at the site.
June 22, 2003: A world-record hailstone falls during a storm in Aurora, Neb. At 7 inches in diameter, the hailstone is slightly smaller than a soccer ball.
June 22, 2012: Tens of thousands of protesters take to the streets of Tokyo, Osaka and other cities to protest the restart of nuclear power reactors at Japan’s Oi complex. All of the nation’s nuke plants had been shut down since the post-tsunami meltdown at Fukushima in 2011.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons