Tropical Storm ThelmaNov. 1, 1755:  The Lisbon Earthquake strikes off the coast of Portugal.  The quake and a resulting tsunami cause widespread damage in Spain and Morocco, but Portugal’s capital city is nearly destroyed by a series of fires.   At least 10,000 perished in Lisbon alone.

Nov. 1, 1935:  Charles G. Koch is born in Wichita, Kansas.  With his brother David, Charles builds Koch Industries into a fossil fuel powerhouse.  They donate much of their fortune to supporting the arts, medicine, the “Tea Party,” libertarian political causes and organizations promoting climate denial.

Nov. 1, 1991:  Tropical Storm Thelma (at right) stalls over the Philippines, dropping torrential rains and triggering floods and mudslides which kill over 6,000.

Nov.1, 1995:  A blizzard on the Canadian prairie sparks a “Grand Passage” – when migratory birds move by the millions, and all at once.   An estimated 50 to 80 million ducks and geese abruptly head south, passing through the Central U.S. and forcing airport closures and radar failures at Kansas City and Omaha.

Nov. 1, 2008:  Jack Gerard starts work as the CEO of the American Petroleum Institute.  Prior to becoming Big Oil’s biggest guy in Washington, Gerard held similar jobs for the chemical and mining industries.

Nov. 1, 2012:  Citing the immense damage caused by Hurricane Sandy, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg endorses President Barack Obama for re-election.  Bloomberg, a Republican-turned-Independent, said "I want our president to place scientific evidence and risk management above electoral politics."

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

This feature is compiled by Peter Dykstra, an MNN contributor and publisher of Environmental Health News and The Daily Climate.