OPEC FlagSept. 14, 1901: U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the youngest president in U.S. history following the assassination of President William McKinley. Roosevelt, an avid hunter-conservationist, establishes national parks, monuments, and wildlife refuges from Florida to Alaska.

Sept. 14, 1944: The Great Atlantic Hurricane brushes past Cape Hatteras, N.C., but does its greatest damage at sea. As the storm sweeps up the coast, 46 died on land from the storm’s heavy rains and high winds, but another 344 perish at sea in the sinking of a U.S. Navy destroyer and minesweeper and two U.S. Coast Guard cutters.

Sept. 14, 1960: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela meet to form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Later joined by seven other nations, OPEC (flag seen at right) has often had a profound impact on history through its control over oil prices — notably twice in the 1970s when OPEC members refused to export oil to the U.S. and other nations in protest of support for Israel.

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

This feature is compiled by Peter Dykstra, an MNN contributor and publisher of Environmental Health News and The Daily Climate.