Borneo is the third largest island on Earth and one of the wildest remaining places in the Eastern Hemisphere. Mount Kinabalu, one of Southeast Asia's most famous peaks, sits in Malaysian Borneo. It is surrounded by a vast national park that features hundreds of species of mammals and thousands of types of plants, birds and insects. Other natural features include huge tracts of virgin jungle and snaking rivers inhabited by indigenous people who live in communal longhouses. With all these features, Borneo is arguably the best place in the world for a tropical eco-tourism expedition.
Three countries lay claim to the lands of Borneo: Indonesian lands sit in the south, while the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak can be found in the northern part of the island. The oil-rich sultanate of Brunei controls a tiny U-shaped land on the north coast.