Another small European kingdom, Luxembourg, sits between France, Germany and Belgium. This is a country of fairy-tale-like castles and small villages. Many residents are based in rural areas, with the capital, Luxembourg City, and the tourist hub of Echternach the only large population centers in the country. Scenery seekers head to the forested valleys and beautiful highland areas, while the quaint storybook towns draw hordes of sightseers.
Thanks to highly developed finance, technology and steel industries, Luxembourg is one of the wealthiest nations in the world. Its multilingual population of around 600,000 and its relatively large size (just under 1,000 square miles) make it one of the larger nations on this list in terms of both area and population.