Villa Las Estrellas
This is the second time both Chile and Antarctica have made an appearance on this list. Villa Las Estrellas is a Chilean village and research station, home to fewer than 200 people, on King George Island, about 75 miles off the coast of Antarctica.
Since 1984, the New York Times reports, "the tiny hamlet has been at the center of one of Antarctica’s most remarkable experiments: exposing entire families to isolation and extreme conditions in an attempt to arrive at a semblance of normal life at the bottom of the planet." For these families, walking through punishing storms, getting just a few hours of sunlight a day and riding to and from school (where there are only two teachers) on snowmobiles is the norm.