As a Spencer Gifts-ogling child of the 1980s and Hot Topic-frequenting teenager of the 1990s, I can tell you in all confidence that shopping for groceries at the mall was never, ever a thing. Like a top from Talbots paired with accessories from Wet Seal, they just didn’t mix. That is, unless you were regularly stocking your cupboards with delicacies from Hickory Farms.
Trips to the mall that involved food meant only three things for this mom-chaperoned kid: the second-floor café at Nordstrom (turkey melt, bag of Tim’s Cascade potato chips and a dill pickle spear); the weird, almost always-deserted luncheonette in the basement of The Bon Marché; or a rare excursion to Orange Julius for a cheeseburger, fries and sickly sweet strawberry drink. The mall where all this food consumption — but not shopping — took place was the Tacoma Mall, a sprawling, single-level modernist retail destination designed by John Graham Jr., the same architect responsible for the Seattle Space Needle (along with Victor Steinbrueck) and Seattle's Northgate Mall, the first modern, self-described suburban "shopping mall" in the United States, which opened in 1950.
Food shopping almost exclusively took place miles away at the neighborhood Safeway supermarket where the friendly checkers knew my mother by name.
Even today, the notion of a major supermarket replacing a traditional, mall-anchoring department store still doesn't quite register, even though much of the Tacoma Mall — remaining anchor stores, included — has been remodeled, expanded or demolished. (I'm still coming to terms with the fact that the Nordstrom, where I ate so many lunches and tried on so many shoes, was turned into a Forever 21 for a minute before converting into a Dick’s Sporting Goods.)
None of these mall-anchoring department stores, however, have yet to be converted into a supermarket. J.C. Penney and Sears, two once-mighty anchors that my family usually only ventured into for bulk shampoo and appliance purchases, are still in their original locations. Macy's, for now at least, is still in the old Bon Marché building, which opened a full year before the rest of the Tacoma Mall in 1964.
But will this change as once seemingly invincible department store behemoths continue to languish and leave vast, gaping retail holes in their place?
Can supermarkets save dying shopping malls as retailers like Macy’s (which has 68 store closures slated for 2017) and J.C. Penney (138 store closures slated for 2017) continue to shutter stores at a record speed?
Perhaps it will and perhaps they can.
Out with the Macy's, in with Kroger
In 2013, a local natural foods grocer opened in the same space that mid-range department store Mervyn's once called home at San Diego's Westfield Horton Plaza. (Photo: Rupert Essinger/flickr)
Writing for The Washington Post, Thomas Heath recently explored the seemingly incongruous (at least to children of the 1980s and '90s like myself) trend of opening grocery stores in the old anchor stores of regional enclosed shopping malls — a trend that's not entirely new but has become increasingly common over the past couple years. And apparently, the presence of a large grocery store can turn around the fortunes of on-life-support suburban shopping malls as shoppers continue to gravitate toward online retailers like Amazon.com and, in the case of my hometown, revitalized downtown retail cores.
“There has been a real acceleration of anchors closing their operations,” Mark Ordan, a man who has the distinction of being both the former CEO of a natural foods supermarket chain and the former chief executive with a major mall operator, explains to the Post. “As traditional anchors leave, it’s an opportunity for both the mall owner and the supermarkets.”
Ordan notes that, despite largely being an anomaly in the United States for the past several decades, shopping malls are kind of perfect match for supermarkets: When taking over the spaces left behind by department store anchors, there’s usually more than enough square footage to go wild with new concepts along with a ton of built-in parking and increased visibility. “It makes it very attractive for the tenant,” Ordan says.
While reviving failing malls by inserting grocery stores into defunct department stores is new-ish, shopping malls and grocery stores aren't historically an aberration. A decent number of 60s-era malls were originally built to include grocery stores as anchors although that trend faded away by the 1980s. Even the Tacoma mall had a delightful-looking Thriftway Supermarket until it was shuttered and replaced by a food court circa 1986.
Today as Tom McGee of the International Council of Shopping Centers explains to the Post, there’s the added one-stop-shopping appeal for millennials who would prefer, for efficiency’s sake, that supermarkets and shopping malls not be segregated. “Part of it is convenience, the ability to do things in one location. Millennials value convenience,” says McGee.
“Losing a mall anchor and replacing it with a grocery store adds a ton of value to a mall,” adds Margaret Caldwell, a managing director at real estate services firm JLL. “Some of these malls, the anchors aren’t generating a lot of foot traffic. If you put a grocer in there, people will be there doing their weekly grocery shopping versus shopping once a month at Macy’s.”
In addition to supermarkets, churches, community colleges, gyms and even medical centers have taken over the spaces left behind by struggling department stores in dying American malls. (Photo: Kimble Young/flickr)
The Post goes on to give several examples of flailing regional shopping malls that have been given a jump-start with the addition of supermarkets.
In a space once populated by J.C. Penney (previously Macy’s and before that, Jordan March) at the Natick Mall outside of Boston, there will soon be an outpost of Wegmans, the Rochester, New York-based grocer with incredibly happy employees and a considerable cult following.
At College Mall in Bloomington, Indiana, Sears — a tenant since the first mall opened in 1964 — will be demolished to make way for a 365 by Whole Foods Market, a smaller-format offshoot of the Austin, Texas-based specialty supermarket chain that's geared toward millennials and shoppers who would prefer not to blow a month's salary on a week's worth of groceries. The first 365 by Whole Foods Market location to open within a shopping mall debuted last September at Bellevue Square in Bellevue, Washington, in a space previously occupied by erstwhile anchor J.C. Penney. (It shares the space with UNIQLO, the fast-growing clothing retailer from Japan.)
At Kingsdale Shopping Center — home to the original outpost of fallen mall fashion staple, The Limited — In the suburbs of Columbus, Ohio, a sprawling anchor space that once housed a Macy’s is now owned by Kroger (much to the chagrin of supermarket chain Giant Eagle, which also operates a store in the vicinity).
Instances of demolition/rebuilding aside, this all seems a fine example of blight-dodging mall reuse. Why construct an entire new grocery store when you can move one into an existing space that might potentially sit vacant for years, dragging down the rest of an already-beleaguered shopping mall with it? Considering that roughly one third of America's 1,200 enclosed shopping malls are dead or dying, it almost seems the charitable thing to do.
But what good is a supermarket when the rest of the mall is dying?
Many once-mighty shopping mall anchors like J.C. Penney have been forced to shutter dozens of stores due in part to competition from online retailers. (Photo: fPat Murray/flickr)
Despite a trend that would suggest otherwise, some retail experts claim that the ideal locale for supermarkets aren’t the spaces left vacant by defunct and dying shopping mall anchor stores as Ordan, McGee and Caldwell suggest. In fact, neighborhood strip malls still rule when it comes to supermarkets.
“The fact that there’s vacant mall space at the old-school, indoor malls and the hit they are taking from online companies is really significant,” Jeffrey Metzger, publisher of trade publication Food World, tells the Post. “If you talk to Giant, Safeway or Kroger, the old-world mall is not their target. They would still like to be on Main Street.”
And while a spacious, sparkling new Whole Foods may draw a greater number of people to a struggling old-school suburban shopping mall than, let’s say, an on-its-last-legs J.C. Penney, The Consumerist recently pointed out that this isn’t necessarily beneficial to the rest of the mall:
The disadvantage is that grocery anchors don’t do what traditional mall anchors do. They don’t bring people to shop in the rest of the mall in the same numbers, since you don’t start at Wegmans, then lug your groceries through the rest of the mall.
Even as a kid this was largely true: Trips to the mall almost always started or ended with the compulsory trip to a department store anchor for back-to-school clothes or whatnot followed by everything else: Waldenbooks, Camelot Music, See’s Candy, Suncoast Video, etc.
“It's a fine line how this strategy is implemented,” Thomas Dobrowski, executive managing director of capital markets at real estate services firm Newmark Grubb Knight Frank, tells the Wall Street Journal in a business trend piece on the rise of supermarkets as shopping mall anchors. “The addition of a grocery anchor is not necessarily complementary to the other stores, particularly fashion retailers."
Has a supermarket taken the place of a traditional department store anchor at your local shopping mall? Have you made grocery shopping part of your mall-going experience or do you continue to keep these two retail experiences separate?