Concrete is not just for sidewalks these days. In fact, with the development of special decorative techniques, concrete is revolutionizing home decor. This durable and affordable substance can be used for a multitude of applications indoors and out. Strikingly handsome concrete patios, pool surrounds, garden paths, flooring, walls, and even kitchen or bathroom countertops show off just how versatile concrete can be. Here is a glossary explaining the most popular finishes used to create decorative concrete.

Acid stained

Treated with permanent, durable color, usually in earthy shades like greens or browns. A solution of inorganic salts, acid, and water is applied to poured and cured concrete. The resultant translucent stain gives a mottled, marbleized effect.

Broadcast (also: seed)

Hand distribute a dry substance (for example, dryshake color hardener or decorative aggregate) onto wet concrete to enhance looks and reduce slipperiness.

Broom finished

Distinctive texture produced by using a broom on the surface of newly poured concrete.

Concrete floor with a broom finish

Photo: Elena Elisseeva/Shutterstock

Cast in place

Shaped on site to allow more flexibility of design and avoid having to move heavy pieces. This is often used to make decorative and functional cast-in-place countertops for kitchens or bathrooms. Smooth, long-lasting, and inexpensive, concrete countertops can be designed in an enormous range of colors and shapes.

Color chips

Colored plastic chips that are scattered onto concrete flooring freshly coated with epoxy resin.

Decorative aggregate

Aggregate of colorful pebbles, such as quartz, added to concrete mix to both strengthen it and produce an attractive end product.

Dyed

Poured and cured concrete to which a water- or solvent-based colored solution is then applied. The process differs from acid staining in that dyes do not react chemically with the concrete and are available in a wider range of colors.

Engraved

Cut with special tools to create decorative patterns, often mimicking the look of tile.

Photo: Chip Cheagle/Flickr

Etched

Marked with patterns using a special etching gel that is brushed on, frequently with the aid of stencils.

Faux rock

Shaped, textured, and dyed to resemble rock, as in concrete water features or pool surrounds.

Flashed

Colored with dry-shake hardener prior to stamping. This not only adds subtle accent color, it also conditions the surface of the concrete path, floor, etc.

Float finished

Textured by roughly finishing the wet concrete surface with a hand float or bull float.

Integral color

Color is blended into concrete before the mix is placed.

Marbleized

Given a marble effect, via both coloring and finishing.

Marble concrete finish

Photo: Sherrie Thai/Flickr

Micro topping

Decorative topping for concrete made of extra-thin polymer, possibly incorporating fine-ground pigments.

Overlay

A topping thicker than 1/4 inch applied to cured concrete to enhance or restore its appearance.

Polished

Finished using floor polishers equipped with abrasive disks. The result is a highly smooth, shiny, low maintenance concrete surface.

Polymer stained

Treated with a type of acrylic-urethane stain, which is low in volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and offers a broader range of colors than acid stains.

Salt finished

Textured with indentations by broadcasting salt onto the freshly placed concrete, rolling it into the surface, and washing it off once the concrete has set.

Sand blasted

Patterned by spraying sand onto the concrete via a high-speed nozzle, sometimes with the help of an adhesive stencil.

Splatter coated

Irregularly coverd with a coating that is splattered onto cured concrete.

Stamped

Worked with special tools such as stamping mats or texturing skins to give the effect of stone, tile, wood, or brick. Vertical stamped refers to decorative concrete walls treated in a similar fashion.

Stamp concrete finish, without color

Photo: Andy Franklin/Flickr

Stenciled

Embellished by the use of stencils and coloring, etching, or sandblasting the exposed surface of cured concrete.

Tinted

Treated with a wash to add subtle color.

Trowel finished

Attractively textured by hand trowelling of wet concrete.

Trowel finished concrete stairs

Photo: Andy Franklin/Flickr

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This story was originally written by Laura Firszt for Networx and was republished with permission here.
Picking the right decorative concrete finish
Here is a glossary explaining the most popular finishes used to create decorative concrete.