Louis Sullivan Bungalow
Location: Ocean Springs, Mississippi
Destroyed: 2005 (Hurricane Katrina)
Two of Wright’s earliest works were a pair of vacation cottages built in Ocean Springs, Mississippi, a historic arts colony connected to the city of Biloxi by the Biloxi Bay Bridge. When Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast in 2005, many homes and historic buildings — along with the mighty Biloxi Bay Bridge itself — in and around Ocean Springs suffered significant damage or were destroyed by the storm surge.
Among the architectural casualties was Wright’s Louis Sullivan Bungalow, a structure built and named for the acclaimed Chicago-based architect often credited for inventing the modern skyscraper and who served as Wright’s mentor and “lieber meister” (beloved master). In 1905, Architectural Record referred to the bungalow as a “modest, comfortable one-story cottage, reached only by the touch of the wind and the golden sun.”
Wright’s other Ocean Springs cottage designed in collaboration with Sullivan, the James A. Charnley Bungalow, sustained extensive damage during the storm but is being painstakingly reconstructed along with its also-damaged guesthouse, thanks to the financial assistance of the Mississippi Department of Archives and History. You can read more about the ongoing efforts to save the home here.